Home – Effects of Smoking on Health
Effects of Smoking
Every cigarette you smoke is bad for health. Yes! Tobacco is injurious to health. Nicotine is that addictive drug which causes the smokers to continue smoking. To feel normal, the nicotine addicts need an adequate amount of nicotine. By smoking, they uplift their mood, satisfy cravings for nicotine. The amount of smoke one is likely to inhale determines the nicotine the person needs. It is sad but true that along with nicotine, a smoker inhales more than 7000 deadly chemicals. Such chemicals are emitted when you burn the tobacco leaf. Certain compounds are active chemically; they may cause dangerous changes in your body. Effects of smoking are dangerous too.
Giving up smoking is the healthy option. Unfortunately, there is no such safe substance in tobacco whether it is nicotine, tar or it is carbon monoxide. They on entering the bloodstream may cause serious hazards to the body. In fact, the poisonous substances you inhale when you smoke can affect the entire body and not just the lungs.
Smoking Can Cause Health Complications
Teen smoking is common nowadays. People from their very tender age start inhaling the poisonous fumes of tobacco. Smoking can lead to several health complications at the later stage, and this holds true for both men and women. Nicotine in tobacco can affect your body negatively on a long-term basis. It can ruin the body systems and body functioning. Certain problems do not manifest immediately when you smoke and affect you on a long-term basis. On the other hand, certain bodily effects or, problems are immediate. Smoking tobacco is incredibly dangerous and may lead to a variety of problems. No matter how you use tobacco, tobacco is dangerous. Do not believe that using a pipe, cigar, and hookah may cause fewer issues in the body.
They are equally dangerous and will not assist you in avoiding health risks in any way. Most of the ingredients in cigarettes are also found in hookahs and cigars. When the ingredients in the hookah or cigarette start burning, they release more than 7000 chemicals. Most of the chemicals you inhale are related to cancer. The shocking revelation is that smoking causes cancer. In many nations including the USA, smoking is the chief cause of premature deaths. But, giving up smoking within, a short period you can reverse the effects.
Smoking Can Severely Affect Your Respiratory System
You may be wondering about the consequences of smoking. Smoking can severely impact the respiratory system. It may lead to an irritation of larynx and trachea. As the airways of the lungs narrow down, you will experience breathlessness or shortness of breath. Smoking a cigarette can lead to an accumulation of excessive mucus in the passages of the lung while it also reduces lung functioning. When the lung clearance system fails to work, there will be an accumulation of poisonous substances in the lungs causing damage to the lungs and irritation. There can be permanent damage to lungs and an increased risk of wheezing and coughing. Slowly and steadily this takes the form of lung cancer.
Smoking Can Increase the Heart Rate
Smoking tobacco can also affect your circulatory system. With constant smoking, the heart rate and blood pressure increase. Due to the constriction of blood vessels, less oxygen will be carried to the organs and your skin when you exercise. This, in turn, increases the risk of stroke. There can be a heart attack due to the blockage in blood supply.
Smoking and Reproductive System
Smoking is the leading cause of infertility among men and women. Those who smoke, they encounter long term and short term fertility issues. This depends on how much addicted they are to nicotine. As smoking constricts blood vessels, there may be a problem in getting an erection. Men will have lower sperm count and an increased number of deformed sperm. Smoking can cause impotence in men resulting from damage to the tissues and blood cells around the reproductive organ. Women have to bear the consequences of smoking equally. There can be a complete stoppage of menstrual cycle leading to early menopause. There is every chance of cervix cancer in women. Risk of a stroke gets doubled when a woman is using contraceptive pills at the age of 35 years.
Long-Term Smoking Can Cause Several Diseases
There are various diseases caused by smoking. There can be cancer in various organs of the body like pancreas, throat, mouth, nose, larynx, cervix, bladder, kidney, bowel and lungs. Lung diseases like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and chronic bronchitis are common among those who are heavy smokers. Smoking can lead to an ulcer in the digestive system. It may also cause easy hip fracture and osteoarthritis.
The Effects of Smoking on Health: A Checklist
You may be thinking what smoking does to you. The effects of smoking can be summed up in the following manner:
- Smoking can uplift your mood only for a temporary period only. So, when you are not smoking, you may experience depression, anxiety, and irritability. Mood swings are common among those who are giving up smoking. The ones who miss out smoking cigarette due to some reasons, they find themselves a bit on edge. Smoking withdrawal symptoms are the reasons behind this.
- Female smokers end up with menopause much earlier than those who do not smoke. This increases the risk of several reproductive diseases.
- Poor vision is the consequence of smoking. Some of the risks of smoking are a poor vision and an increased risk of macular degeneration, cataract, glaucoma, etc.
- It is very frustrating when the smoke of tobacco sticks to the clothes and hairs. Secondhand smoke may also lead to smelly hair and clothes.
- Long-term smoking leads to yellowish and stained teeth. By seeing the teeth of the person, you may say that the person is a smoker. In fact, smoking increases the chance of mouth inflammation and gum infections and diseases. Such things might lead to a tooth loss.
- Smoking increases the chance of bronchial diseases. Even second-hand smoking can cause bronchitis. If you are already suffering from respiratory diseases like pneumonia and tuberculosis, the conditions will become worse if you smoke.
- Prolonged smoking can damage your lung airways causing ‘smoker’s cough.’ There will be persistent coughing as a result of smoking tobacco.
- Smoking is the chief reason behind heart diseases. Smoking cigarette is part of the lifestyle for many. It is the leading cause of stroke and heart ailments. The ones who smoke cigarettes and those who are exposed to the fumes of tobacco, both are likely to get a stroke. Quit smoking if you do not want to suffer heart disease.
- It also raises cholesterol level in the body. Smoking tobacco can lower good cholesterol and boost the level of bad cholesterol. It can raise fats in the blood including triglycerides and cholesterol.
- Regular use of tobacco can impair the immune system and reduce its ability to fight off diseases. Indeed, smokers get more infection in the respiratory tract than the non-smokers.
- Men and women can have infertility issues as smoking severely impacts the reproductive system. Women are at risk of having cervical cancer whereas males turn impotent due to constriction of blood vessels around the penis.
- People who smoke can impair the functioning of nose and tongue. So, they have a dull sense of taste and smell. This may reduce the appetite of the person. As smoking decreases the sense of taste, it acts as an appetite suppressant. Eating is not enjoyable for the ones who smoke.
- Lung cancer is one of the common consequences of smoking. This is such a condition which may even lead to death of the person. Lung cancer is the common kind of cancer among men and women.
- Smokers normally suffer from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is seen that 8 out of 10 cases of COPD are due to smoking. With COPD and prolonged smoking, the asthma symptoms may worsen.
- Your fingers and nails might become yellow by handling tobacco and tobacco products. On the other hand, tobacco substances may lead to the wrinkly, dry and aged skin. The skin becomes aged much earlier due to the lack of blood flow towards the skin. So, it starts appearing dull and aged.
- As a result of prolonged smoking, there might be blood clotting in certain regions of the body. Blood clotting is the leading cause of stroke, heart ailment and pulmonary embolism. Pulmonary embolism implies a blood clot in the lungs.
- The ones who smoke, they are more likely to get blood cancer. They suffer from leukemia usually.
- If you smoke during pregnancy, there can be an increased risk of miscarriage. The newborn may suffer from an ear infection, asthma and other diseases. In certain cases, it can also cause the death of the newborn baby. The baby is at the risk of oxygen deprivation, physical deformities and may have growth problems.
Quitting smoking is difficult, but you may still do it. Those who are heavy smokers, they require multiple attempts. Your very decision to quit smoking is the step toward giving up smoking. By giving up tobacco, you are saying ‘Good-Bye’ to so many diseases mentioned in the section above. If you talk about the effects of smoking on health, tobacco consumption can harm every organ of your body. By quitting smoking, you are reducing the chance of having smoke-related diseases. By quitting this habit, you will add more years to your life. Each year, more than 450,000 people in the USA die due to cigarette smoking.
Smoking and Deaths
You will be shocked to learn that smoking causes more deaths than illegal drug usage, alcohol use or what HIV can cause. This implies that deaths due to smoking are more common than other factors. 90% of the lung diseases are caused due to smoking cigarettes. The one who smokes is 4 times more likely to suffer coronary heart disease. Smoking is directly related to cardiovascular diseases as it leads to clotting in the blood vessel. There can be cancer in the liver, stomach, larynx, pharynx, bladders due to tobacco. Smoking results in deaths in cancer patients.
Other Health Risks Associated With Smoking
For a woman, it gets harder to conceive if she smokes. Even if she conceives, a smoking cigarette can severely affect the health of the baby. There is a chance of stillbirth, lower birth weight, orofacial clefts, ectopic pregnancy and other conditions. Smoking may severely affect the bone health. It affects oral health and gum health. There can be a loss of a tooth due to prolonged smoking. It increases the chance of Type-II diabetes and makes it even harder to control the sugar level. The risk of developing Type-II diabetes is higher among those who smoke.
The Harmful Content of Tobacco
Apart from nicotine, there are nearly 5000 chemicals in tobacco. So, when you smoke, you are leading them to enter your bloodstream. Some of the dangerous components are:
- Tar is the chief component of tobacco which gets deposited in the lungs when you smoke. If there is tar coating in the lungs, it will get harder for the tiny hairs in the lungs to sweep germs. Carcinogen content of tar leads to the development of cancer cells in the body.
- When you smoke a cigarette, the carbon monoxide content enters the bloodstream and binds with hemoglobin. So, the blood cannot carry sufficient oxygen to the parts of the body. This eventually leads to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or COPD.
- Oxydant gases tend to react with oxygen leading to the clotting of blood.
- Any exposure to benzene might lead to cellular damage at the genetic level. This is directly linked to leukemia and other diseases.
You may get in touch with a doctor who can prescribe smoking cessation programs. Chemicals in the tobacco can cause damage to the body cells and make them cancerous. To avoid the consequences of smoking, you should entirely give up tobacco.